Food Waste from the Perspective of Assessment of Attitudes and Behaviours of Young Consumers




waste causes, moral attitudes, reduction methods


The subject of wasting food, as it relates to the reduction of losses and waste, holds an important place in European Union and United Nations agendas. Constant monitoring of the causes of this phenomenon among consumers is very useful in its prevention. It enables modifying and properly targeting educational campaigns and shaping social norms. The aim of this study was to examine the attitudes and behaviours of young consumers in relation to wasting food. The study was conducted in 2021–2022 among young consumers studying at universities (n = 507), using the indirect on-line survey measurement method. The results demonstrated that planning rational purchases helps limit food waste in this consumer group. Young consumers carefully purchase products, which may be a consequence of limited budgets. The study has shown that before making purchases, the majority always check their current food supplies, try to limit food waste in their household and try not to throw away any foodstuff. Additionally, the study has shown that a major part of the them know and apply various methods of using leftover food to prepare simple, multi-ingredient dishes. The results presented in this paper may indicate that the wastage-related educational campaigns conducted in Poland are effective.


Abeliotis, K., Lasaridi, K., Chroni, C., 2014, Attitudes and Behaviour of Greek Households Regarding Food Waste Prevention, Waste Management and Research, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 237–240. DOI:

Ahmed, S., Stewart, A., Smith, E., Warne, T., Shanks, C.B, 2021, Consumer Perceptions, Behaviours, Knowledge of Food Waste in a Rural American State, Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, vol. 5, pp. 1–12. DOI:

Akas, E., Sahin, H., Topaloglu, A., Oledinma, A., Huda, A.K.S., Irani, Z., Sharif, A.M., van’t Wout, T., Kamrava, M., 2018, A Consumer Behavioural Approach to Food Waste, Journal of Enterprise Information Management, vol. 31, no 5, pp. 658–673. DOI:

Aydin, A.E., Yildirim, P., 2021, Understanding Food Waste Behavior: The Role of Morals, Habits and Knowledge, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 280, no. 1, pp. 124–250. DOI:

Bilska, B., Tomaszewska, M., Kołożyn-Krajewska, D., 2020a, Analysis of Behaviours of Polish Consumers in Relation to Food Waste, Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1–16. DOI:

Bilska, B., Tomaszewska, M., Kołożyn-Krajewska, D., 2020b, Segmentation of Polish Households Taking into Account Food Waste, Foods, vol. 9, no. 379, pp. 1–19. DOI:

Blichfeldt, B.S., Mikkelsen, M., Gram, M., 2015, When It Stops Being Food: The Edibility, Ideology, Procrastination, Objectification and Internalization of Household Food Waste, Food Culture and Society, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 89–105. DOI:

Bravi, L., Francioni, B., Murmura, F., Savelli, E., 2020, Factors Affecting Household Food Waste Among Young Consumers and Actions to Prevent It. A Comparison Among UK, Spain and Italy, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 153, pp. 1–13. DOI:

Cappellini, B., Parsons, E., 2012, Practising Thrift at Dinnertime: Mealtime Leftovers, Sacrifice and Family Membership, The Sociological Review, vol. 60, pp. 121–134. DOI:

EPA, 2017, Food Waste. EPA perspectives,­loads/2017/04/­Shane-Colgan-EPA_Forum-on-Food-Waste-2017.pdf (10.02.2022).

European Commission, 2019, Review of Waste Policy and Legislation,­n­ment/waste/target_review.htm (10.02.2022).

Fami, H.S., Aramyan, L.H., Sijtsema, S.J., Alambaigi, A., 2019, Determinants of Household Food Waste Behavior in Tehran City: A Structural Model, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 143, pp. 154–166. DOI:

Farr-Wharton, G., Foth, M., Choi, J.H.J., 2014, Identifying Factors That Promote Consumer Behaviors Causing Expired Domestic Food Waste, Journal and Consumer Behaviour, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 393–402. DOI:

FUSIONS, 2015, Fusions Food Waste Data Set for EU-28. New Estimates and Environmental Impact, w_ Expo2015_fu­sions_data-set_­151015.pdf (10.02.2022).

Garbowska, B., Radzymińska, M., Tarczyńska, A.S., 2021, Marnotrawstwo żywności – studium zarzą­dzania łańcuchem żywnościowym, Wydawnictwo Instytutu Badań Gospodarczych w Olsztynie, Olsztyn. DOI:

Graham-Rowe, E., Jessop, D.C., Sparks, P., 2014, Identifying Motivations and Barriers to Minimising Household Food Waste, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 84, pp. 15–23. DOI:

Graham-Rowe, E., Jessop, D.C, Sparks, P., 2015, Predicting Household Food Waste Reduction Using an Extended Theory of Planned Behaviour, vol. 101, pp. 194–202. DOI:

Hanssen, O.J., Syversen, F., Stø, E., 2016, Edible Food Waste from Norwegian Households – Detailed Food Waste Composition Analysis Among Households in Two Different Regions in Norway, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 109, pp. 146–154. DOI:

Janssens, K., Lambrechts, W., van Osch, A., Semeijn, J., 2019, How Consumer Behavior in Daily Food Provisioning Affects Food Waste at Household Level in the Netherlands, Foods, vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1–19. DOI:

Jörissen, J., Priefer, C., Bräutigam, K.-R., 2015, Food Waste Generation at Household Level: Results of a Survey Among Employees of Two European Research Centers in Italy and Germany, Sustainability, vol. 7, pp. 2695–2715. DOI:

Mondéjar-Jiménez, J.A., Ferrari, G., Secondi, L, Principato, L., 2016, From the Table to Waste: An Exploratory Study on Behaviour Towards Food Waste of Spanish and Italian Youths, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 138, no. 1, pp. 8–18. DOI:

Mustafa, F., Andreescu, S., 2018, Chemical and Biological Sensors for Food-Quality Monitoring and Smart Packaging, Foods, vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 1–20. DOI:

Niedek, M., Krajewski K., 2021, Problematyka marnowania żywności w Polsce a kształtowanie wzorca zrównoważonej konsumpcji, Studia Ecologiae et Bioethicae, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 17–28. DOI:

Parizeau, K., von Massow, M., Martin, R., 2015, Household-Level Dynamics of Food Waste Production and Related Beliefs, Attitudes, and Behaviors in Guelph, Ontario, Waste Management, vol. 35, pp. 207–217. DOI:

Porpino, G. 2016, Household Food Waste Behavior: Avenues for Future Research, Journal of the Association for Association for Consumer Research, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 41–51. DOI:

Porpino, G., Parente, J., Wansink, B., 2015, Food Waste Paradox: Antecedents of Food Disposal in Low Income Households, International Journal of Consumer Studies, vol. 39, pp. 619–629. DOI:

Principato, L., Mattia, G., Di Leo, A., Pratesi, C.A., 2021, The Household Wasteful Behaviour Framework: A Systematic Review of Consumer Food Waste, Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 93, pp. 641–649. DOI:

Quested, T.E., Marsh, E., Stunell, D., Parry, A.D., 2013, Spaghetti Soup: The Complex World of Food Waste Behaviors, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 79, pp. 43–51. DOI:

Raport Federacji Polskich Banków Żywności, 2018, Nie marnuj jedzenia, (10.02.2022).

Raport Federacji Polskich Banków Żywności, 2020, Nie marnuj jedzenia, NieMarnujJedzenia_2020.pdf (10.02.2022).

Raport Federacji Polskich Banków Żywności, 2021, Raport z badań: Nie marnujmy. Perspektywy zapobiegania marnotrawstwu żywności w Polsce do 2030, Warszawa, https://ban­ki­zyw­ (10.02.2022).

Razak, S.A., 2017, Household Food Waste Prevention in Malaysia: An Issue Processes Model Perspective, Graduate Theses and Dissertations, (10.02.2022).

Romani, S., Grappib, S., Bagozzi, R.P., Barone, A.M., 2018, Domestic Food Practices: A Study of Food Management Behaviors and the Role of Food Preparation Planning in Reducing Waste, Appetite, vol. 121, pp. 215–227. DOI:

Schanes, K., Dobernig, K., Gozet, B., 2018, Food Waste Matters – A Systematic Review of Household Food Waste Practices and Their Policy Implications, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 182, pp. 978–991. DOI:

Schmidt, K., 2016, Explaining and Promoting Household Food Waste – Prevention by an Environ­men­tal Psychological Based Intervention Study, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 111, pp. 53–66. DOI:

Secondi, L., Principato, L., Laureti, T., 2015, Household Food Waste Behavior in EU-27 Countries: A Multilevel Analysis, Food Policy, vol. 56, pp. 25–40. DOI:

Setti, M., Falasconi, L., Vittuari, M., Andrea, S., Cusano, I., Griffith, C., Griffith, C., 2016, Italian Consumers' Income and Food Waste Behavior, British Food Journal, vol. 118, no. 7, pp. 1731-1746. DOI:

Skotnicka, M., Karwowska, K., Śmiechowska, M., 2018, The Problem of Food Waste in Different Types of Households on the Example of the Residents of Poland and Polish People Residing in the United Kingdom – Pilot Study, Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, vol. 18, pp. 282–294. DOI:

Stancu, V., Haugaard, P., Lähteenmäki, L., 2016, Determinants of Consumer Food Waste Behavior: Two Routes to Food Waste, Appetite, vol. 96, pp. 7–17. DOI:

Stefan, V., Van Herpen, E., Tudoran, A.A., Lähteenmäki, L., 2013, Avoiding Food Waste by Romanian Consumers: The Importance of Planning and Shopping Routines, Food Quality and Preferences, vol. 28, pp. 375–381. DOI:

Tarczyńska, S.A., 2021, Skala marnowania żywności wśród studentów Uniwersytetu Warmińsko-Mazurskiego w Olsztynie, Żywność. Nauka. Technologia. Jakość, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 121–131. DOI:

Van Dooren, C., Janmaat, O., Snoek, J., Schrijnen, M., 2019, Measuring Food Waste in Dutch Households: A Synthesis of Three Studies, Waste Management, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 53–164. DOI:

Visschers, V.H., Wickli, N., Siegrist, M., 2016, Sorting out Food Waste Behavior: A Survey on the Motivators and Barriers of Self-Reported Amounts of Food Waste in Households, Journal of Environmental Psychology, vol. 45, pp. 66–78. DOI:

Watson, M., Meah, A., 2012, Food, Waste and Safety: Negotiating Conflicting Social Anxieties into the Practices of Domestic Provisioning, The Sociological Review, vol. 60, pp. 102–120. DOI:




How to Cite

Radzymińska, M., & Platta, A. (2022). Food Waste from the Perspective of Assessment of Attitudes and Behaviours of Young Consumers. Scientific Journal of Gdynia Maritime University, (122), 68–81.